Zgodovina solarnih celic
Humankind’s affinity with the Sun extends as far back as 5,000 years ago, when Ancient Egyptians worshipped the sun-god, Ra, as the first king of Egypt.
Archimedes: Greek scientist who, as early as 212 BC, used the reflective properties of bronze shields to focus the Sun’s rays and set fire to Roman ships made of wood.
Bailey, William J.: Through his Carnegie Steel Company, invented a solar collector with copper coils and an insulated box in 1908.
Becquerel, Edmond: The French scientist first discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with an electrolytic cell in 1839.
Berman, Elliot: Developed solar cells that were significantly less costly, reducing the price from $100 per watt to $20 per watt in the 1970s.
Bridgers, Frank: In the mid-1950s, Bridgers designed the world’s first commercial office building to use solar water heating and passive design.
Carlson, David: Worked with Christopher Wronski to fabricate the first amorphous silicon photovoltaic cells in 1976.
Chapin, Daryl: Along with Calvin Fuller and Gerald Pearson, developed, in 1954, the silicon photovoltaic cell, the first solar cell capable of powering everyday equipment.
Cherry, William: Proposed, in 1956, the development of photovoltaic cells for Earth-orbiting satellites.
Czochralski, Jan: The Polish scientist first developed a way to grow single-crystal silicon in 1918.
Einstein, Albert: The famous scientist’s paper on the photoelectric effect was first published in 1905 and won the Nobel Prize in 1921.
Eneas, Aubrey: The Boston U.S. resident formed the first solar power company, The Solar Motor Co, in 1900.
Ericsson, John: Swedish-born designer of the parabolic trough collector in the 1870s, a technology which functioned on the same basic design for more than 100 years.
Evans Day, Richard: Worked with William Grylls Adams to discover, in 1876, that selenium produces electricity when exposed to sunlight.
Fritts, Charles: In 1883, the American inventor described the first solar cells made from selenium wafers.
Fuller, Calvin: Along with Daryl Chapin and Gerald Pearson developed, in 1954, the silicon photovoltaic cell, the first solar cell capable of powering everyday equipment.
Glaser, Peter: Conceived the idea of the satellite solar power station in 1965.
Grylls Adams, William: Along with Richard Evans Day, discovered in 1876 that selenium produces electricity when exposed to sunlight.
Guha, Subhenda: A scientist noted for his pioneering work in amorphous silicon, he led the invention of flexible solar shingles.
Hallwachs, Wilhelm: In 1904, discovered that a combination of copper and cuprous oxide is photosensitive.
Hertz, Heinrich: Discovered, in 1887, that ultraviolet light altered the lowest voltage capable of causing a spark to jump between to metal electrodes.
Kemp, Clarence: The Baltimore U.S. inventor patented the world’s first solar water heater in 1891.
Langley, Samuel P.: Invented the bolometer in 1880. The device was used to measure light from the faintest stars as well as the Sun’s heat rays.
LaVoisier, Antoine: Created a solar furnace that could melt platinum (3236ºF/1780ºC) in 1700.
MacCready, Paul: Built the world’s first solar-powered aircraft, The Solar Challenger, in 1981, and flew it across the English Channel from France to England.
Marks, Alvin: In 1988, Dr Marks received patents for two revolutionary solar power technologies – Lepcon and Lumeloid.
Millikan, Robert: Provided experimental proof of the photoelectric effect in 1916.
Mouchet, August: Developed a steam engine powered entirely by the Sun in 1861. He and his assistant, Abel Pifre, developed the predecessors of modern parabolic dish collectors.
Pearson, Gerald: Along with Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin developed, in 1954, the silicon photovoltaic cell, the first solar cell capable of powering everyday equipment.
de Saussure, Horace: The Swiss scientist is credited with building the world’s first solar collector in 1767.
Shi, Zhengrong: Founder of Suntech and a pioneer in thin film technology, Dr. Shi is the holder of 11 patents in photovoltaic technology.
Smith, Willoughby: First to discover, in 1873, the photoconductivity of selenium.
Socrates: Laid out the first principles of passive solar design; that main rooms should be oriented to the south to make use of the Sun’s thermal energy in winter.
Stirling, Robert: Patented his solar economiser heat engine in Scotland in 1816. The engine was an early forerunner of solar thermal electric technology.
Tellier, Charles: Regarded as the father of refrigeration, the Frenchman’s solar experimentation led to the design of the first non-reflecting solar motor.
Tholstrup, Hans: The Australian drove the world’s first solar-powered car, the Quiet Achiever, almost 2,800 miles between Sydney and Perth in 20 days during 1982.
Trivich, Dan: In 1953, the Wayne State University scientist made the first theoretical calculations of the efficiencies of materials of different band gap widths based on the spectrum of the Sun.
Willsie, Henry E.: Created the first solar device that could operate at night using the heat gathered during the day, in 1904.
Wronski, Christopher: Along with David Carlson, fabricated the first amorphous silicon photovoltaic cells in 1976.
Although harnessing the Sun's energy has fascinated the world’s scientific community for centuries, it was not until the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973 that the virtues of solar power leapt into the global consciousness.